Water is essential for survival and access to drinkable water is one of the basic needs of man. Before people used to get water directly from the source, that is either fetching from the stream or digging a deep hole in the ground to get water. Another method includes collecting rainwater. But, thanks to technology, people now have water running in their homes. Besides the convenience it provides, it also makes the water cleaner and ready for use. This article discusses some simple ways to make clean water at home.
In as much as water is essential, what makes it of any use is if the water is clean. So, having access to clean water is very important. Sadly, that is not something that is common, especially when you get water directly from the source. In Nigeria, UNiCEF reported that use of contaminated and unhygienic drinking water and lead to an increased incidence to water-borne diseases, such as diarrhoea and resulted in the deaths of more than 70,000 children under five annually.
Even in some areas where water runs in the home, it is often dirty. How then do you use such water?
In this post, we would be looking at some ways to purify water in your home.
The process of boiling water to purify it is quite old and still very reliable. Bringing water to a boiling state would kill most of the impurities in it. Make sure to boil the water for up to 5-10 minutes. After that, allow the water to cool before drinking. Also, leaving the water to cool would allow it to settle and you may see some impurities at the bottom of the bowl where you put the water. You can use a microporous sieve to properly remove all impurities in the water.
2. Water Filter
Water filters come in different shapes and sizes. They also make use of different technologies to process filtration. They help to filter out the impurities from the water, leaving you with clean, usable water. There are filtration systems that you can connect to your source of water supply, like your borehole, while some can be deployed from the faucet or tap. Water filter is also common in Nigeria. The price of water filter in Nigeria ranges from ₦3,000 – ₦15,000.
3. Water Purifier
A water purifier deploys a complex yet simple means to remove impurities from your water. It removes both microorganisms as well as harmful chemicals or substances from the water. Just like a filter, a water purifier can be connected to your water source to help sieve out the impurities from the water before it gets to the taps in the house. Water purifiers are equally commonly used in Nigeria. The price of water purifiers in Nigeria ranges from ₦15,000 to ₦20,000.
Putting chlorine in water has proven to be an effective way to purify water. This can be done with the use of chlorine tablets or drops which is put in the water. Chlorination is effective against a range of disease-causing microorganisms, meaning this method of water purification would keep you and your loved ones healthy.
When using chlorine in your water, you have to add it in small, safe amounts. Also, if you are suffering from thyroid problems, it is important you talk to your doctor before using chlorine in your water.
Distillation is also another fairly simple process. It involves boiling water and collecting the evaporated water, which would be free of dirt and impurities, therefore safe for drinking.
Water is essential for life. There are so many health reasons why you should drink more water, however, it is even more crucial to drink clean water. You can follow any of these ways to make clean water at home, which was discussed above. That way, you will keep yourself hydrated, hygienic and healthy!