Grains are seeds of certain grass plants we eat as food. They are regarded as staple foods, because they form a core part of the diet of most people, as they are eaten almost every day. Here in Nigeria, we eat grains a lot. Some examples of grains include rice, millet, wheat, quinoa, and more.
Grains are divided into three parts; the bran, or the outer layer, the germ, or the embryo, and the endosperm, which is the part where nutrient is stored. Not all grains have all three parts intact. The ones that do are referred to as whole grains.
Whole grains are considered to be more nutritious and healthier than regular grains. In addition to carbohydrates, they are also rich in iron, phosphorous, magnesium, manganese, and more. People who are told to avoid regular grains, like those with diabetes and cancer, often have whole grains recommended for them. While regular grains are not bad in any way, whole grains are just considered healthier.
In today’s post, we would be looking at some whole grain foods in Nigeria.
1. Brown Rice
While white rice is not considered as a whole grain, because the bran and germ are missing, brown rice has all three parts. This is why it is often recommended to those with diabetes and other conditions. Brown rice is also great for those who do not eat gluten as it is gluten-free. It has more fibre content, as well as other vitamins and minerals. It also contains antioxidants. All of these make it a very healthy option.
Here in Nigeria, brown rice or ofada rice is cheaper, compared to white rice, which is enough reason why you should think of replacing your regular white rice with it.
Millet is another popular whole grain, with a lot of uses. In the north, it is used to make fura, which is a kind of meal made into balls, eaten with nono, a type of local yoghurt. Millet is also used to make pap, as well as other cereals. Millet can be used to make kunu drink, known as kunu zaki. But it can also be cooked and eaten, like rice. Millet is also gluten-free and rich in various nutrients like magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Eating millet helps to control blood sugar levels and also reduce inflammation in the body.
Who does not love oats? Oats do not just make for a great breakfast because they are tasty, but also because they are healthy, for the fact that they are whole grain. The fibre content in oat keeps you fuller for longer. This makes it great for those who want to lose weight and also for those who want to reduce how often they eat. Oats are also rich in beta-glucans, which is a kind of fibre that aids the digestion process. This prevents constipation and other kinds of gut problems.
Corn is another whole grain food that many people love. Here in Nigeria, we enjoy corn in so many ways including boiling and roasting and various other ways people choose to have it. Corn is a great treat and the fact that it is a whole grain food makes eating it more satisfying. Sweet corn or yellow corn is richer in nutrients and minerals.
Popcorn is a popular snack in Nigeria, and also one of the most common whole grain foods in Nigeria. Yes, popcorn is a whole grain. Popcorn kernels are intact grains, which are dried to reduce their moisture content until it is at the right level for popping. Pop corns are incredibly rich in fiber, manganese, magnesium, copper, phosphorus, zinc and B vitamins. However, you should avoid buying prepackaged microwave bags of popcorn, as they might contain harmful chemicals.
Whole grain are grains that contain the bran, the germ, and the endosperm. Whole Grain foods are highly nutritious, and there are so many health benefits of eating whole grain foods. Some of the common whole grain foods in Nigeria are millet, popcorn, brown rice, corn and oats.
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